Initialization and Declaration of Array in C#

declare-array
In this chapter you will learn:

  • What is array?
  • How to declare array?
  • How to use array in C# programming?

Sometimes, you need to declare multiple variable of same data type. It is complex and time consuming process. Just for an example, you have to declare 100 integer type of variable then what would you do? Will you declare variable as follow:

It is not a suitable way to declare multiple variable of same data type. To overcome this situation, array came alive. An array is a collection of same data type. If you have to declare 100 variable of same data type in C#, then you can declare and initialize an array as follow.

Structure of C# array

To understand concept of array, consider the following example. What happens in memory when we declare an integer type array?

Num Array:

declaring-array-flowchart

It stores value in the index position of array starting with 0.

num[0] = 6;
num[1] = 23;
num[2] = 12;
num[3] = 9;
num[4] = 14;
num[5] = 52;

Now, you can access the value of array by index position. Such as if you have to access 3rd index of value, then you can write as follow:

Programming Example of Array

Output

1st value:       6
2st value:       23
3st value:       12
4st value:       9
5st value:       14
6st value:       52
__

In next chapter, you will learn how to store value in array.

Summary

In this chapter you learned about what is array in C#. You also learned how to declare array in c sharp proramming. In next chapter, you will learn how to store value in array.



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